# Project 项目

Defined 定义:
PMI’s Definition of Project (PMBOK 6th ed., p.715)

“A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.”
为创造独特的产品、服务或结果,而付出的暂时努力。

PMBOK - Project Management Body Of Knowledge(美国的项目管理知识体系)

# Why do we do projects 为什么要做项目

# Vision, Mission & Project

Defined 定义:

The Vision 愿景 = why
The over-arching idea that the leader promotes, which when correctly conceived and stated, will drive people to invest themselves in making the vision come to fruition.
领导者所倡导的总体思想,在正确构想和陈述后,将促使人们为实现愿景而投入自己的力量。
The Mission 使命 = what
An expression of the vision that drives to a specific plan of action.
愿景的表达驱动着特定的行动计划。
The Project 项目 = how
Implements a part of the mission.
执行任务的一部分

Example:

  • The Vision = The leader of the organization wants humans to have access to good quality food, fast, all around the globe.
    愿景 = 该组织的领导者希望人类能够在全球范围内快速获取优质食品。
  • The Mission = The organization will build restaurants, in accordance with the vision
    使命 = 组织将根据愿景建立餐厅。
  • The Project = Build a restaurant, in support of the vision, at the corner of 31st and State Street in Chicago.
    项目 = 在芝加哥 31 号街和州街的拐角处建立一家餐厅,以支持愿景。

# Example Visions

17 Vision Statement Examples To Spark Your Imagination

“To become the world’s most loved, most flown, and most profitable airline.” – Southwest Air
“成为世界上最受欢迎,最飞行,最赚钱的航空公司。” –西南航空

“Our vision is to create a better every-day life for many people.” – IKEA
“我们的愿景是为许多人创造更好的日常生活。” –宜家

“To be the best quick service restaurant experience. Being the best means providing outstanding quality, service, cleanliness, and value, so that we make every customer in every restaurant smile.” – McDonald’s
“成为最佳的快速服务餐厅体验。做到最好意味着提供卓越的质量,服务,清洁度和价值,以便我们让每家餐厅的每个顾客都微笑。” –麦当劳

# What Makes an Effective Vision Statement? 什么是有效的愿景声明?

There are specific characteristics that effective vision statements have in common. Look for these traits when updating your current vision statement or crafting a new one.
有效的愿景陈述具有一些共同的特征。在更新当前的愿景声明或制定新的愿景声明时,请寻找这些特征。

  • Future-focused. Create a future-focused vision statement by providing the “big picture” and clearly describing what your organization will be like in several years.
    面向未来。通过提供 “全局图” 并清楚地描述您的组织在几年后的状况,创建面向未来的愿景声明。
  • Directional. Vision statements that provide direction can serve as a guide to organizational plans and strategies.
    定向的。提供方向的愿景声明可以作为组织计划和策略的指南。
  • Specific. An effective vision statement should be clear and focused enough to shape decision-making.
    具体。有效的愿景声明应清晰明确且重点突出,以制定决策。
  • Relevant and purpose-driven. By reflecting your company’s response to the challenges of the day, a purpose-driven vision statement can motivate your team.
    相关性和目标驱动力。通过反映贵公司对当今挑战的反应,以目标为导向的愿景声明可以激励您的团队。
  • Values-based. Use your vision statement to describe the specific values that are required to support the organization.
    基于价值。使用您的愿景声明来描述支持组织所需的特定价值。
  • Challenging. A vision statement can challenge your employees and customers by inspiring them to do great things and achieve a higher level of standards.
    具有挑战性的。愿景声明可以激发员工做大事并达到更高的标准,从而挑战您的员工和客户。
  • Unique and memorable. Your company’s vision statement will make more of an impact if it highlights what makes your organization different and why it matters.
    独特而难忘。如果公司的愿景声明着重说明使您的组织与众不同的原因及其重要性,那么它将产生更大的影响。
  • Inspiring. Vision statements that inspire employees to commit to a cause are more effective than those that do not.
    鼓舞人心。鼓舞员工致力于事业的愿景声明比没有愿景的声明更为有效。

# Core Competency: The key to organizational success 核心竞争力:组织成功的关键

A Core Competency 核心竞争力
Something the organization does amazingly well
该组织在某些事情上表现出色
Very hard for others to reproduce
他人很难复制
Deliverables are valuable to customers
交付的产品对客户而言很有价值

Once you have a vision, a core competency must be cultivated to maintain a competitive advantage.
一旦有了愿景,就必须培养核心能力以保持竞争优势。

Projects are how you enact, and continually improve, the components of your core competency.
项目是您制定和不断提高核心能力组成部分的方式。

# Other Specific Reasons to Have Projects 拥有项目的其他具体原因

  • Grow/strengthen competitive advantage
    扩大 / 加强竞争优势
  • Legal mandate
    扩大 / 加强竞争优势
  • Leverage new technology
    利用新技术
  • Make money
    挣钱
  • Improve existing process
    改善现有流程
  • Public good
    公益事业
  • Competitive response
    竞争性反应
  • Money is in the budget
    钱在预算中
  • Marketing Life Cycle
    营销生命周期

Projects must support the organization’s vision and mission, or they will fail.
项目必须支持组织的愿景和使命,否则将失败。

# the Stages of the Product Life Cycle 产品生命周期

  • Introduction 介绍
  • Growth 成长
  • Maturity 到期
  • Decline 下降

Q: What the Product Life Cycle has to do with Project Management?
产品生命周期与项目管理有什么关系?
A: Project Managers are needed at each step!
每个步骤都需要项目经理!

# Example Product Life Cycle: Incandescent Light Bulbs

产品生命周期示例:白炽灯泡

Introduction
People willing to pay a lot, only wealthy people can get it (These wealthy people are called the innovators or early adopters.)
愿意付出很多的人,只有有钱的人才能得到(这些有钱的人被称为创新者或早期采用者。)
Growth
Mass production starts, price comes down, it is relatively easy to buy and more and more people buy it.
开始批量生产,价格下降,它相对容易购买,越来越多的人购买。
Maturity
Only few don’t have it; marketing starts adding features to rebuild interest in product again (dimmable, soft-white, different shapes, etc.)
只有很少的人没有它。营销开始添加功能以再次建立对产品的兴趣(可调光,柔白,不同形状等)
Decline
A new innovation comes along, making this product inferior (Spiral florescent lights and LEDs came along)
随之而来的是一项新的创新,使该产品的质量下降(同时出现了螺旋荧光灯和 LED)

# Where a project starts 项目从何处开始

# Project Business Case 项目业务案例

(PMBOK 6th ed., p.29)

“A documented economic feasibility study used to establish the validity of the benefits of a” specific effort “that is used as a basis for authorization of further project management activities.”
“有记录的经济可行性研究,用于确定 “特定努力” 所产生的收益的有效性,以此作为进一步项目管理活动授权的基础。”

# Some Components 一些组件

(PMBOK 6th ed., p.31-32)

# Business Need 业务需求分析

  • Why is this project desired?
    为什么需要这个项目?
  • How does it support the organizational vision/Mission?
    它如何支持组织的愿景 / 使命?
  • Description of prosed project.
    进行中的项目的描述。

# Analysis of the Situation 情况分析

  • Critical success factors
    成功的关键因素
  • Known risks
    已知风险
  • Identification of examined options, and option selection criteria used
    确定已检查的选项以及使用的选项选择标准
  • NPV (if appropriate, assess financial viability)
    净现值(如果适用,评估财务可行性)

# Recommendation 建议

  • Proceed or not & why
    是否继续以及为什么
  • expected due date
    预计到期日

# Evaluation 评价

  • Identification of factors that will be used to determine if the deliverable of the project is a success.
    确定将用于确定项目可交付成果是否成功的因素
  • How will success measures be tracked, and who will they be reported to
    如何跟踪成功的措施,以及向谁报告

# A Statement of Work (SOW) and/or Project Charter

工作说明书(SOW)和 / 或 项目章程

These documents formally launch a project…
这些文件正式启动了一个项目

PMI Definitions: 定义

Statement of Work (SOW) 工作说明书
A narrative description of products, services, or results to be delivered by the project. (PMBOK 6th ed., p.724)
对项目要交付的产品,服务或结果的叙述性描述。
Project Charter 项目章程
A document issued by the project initiator or sponsor that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities. (PMBOK 6th ed., p.715)
由项目发起者或赞助者发布的文件,正式授权项目的存在并为项目经理提供将组织资源应用于项目活动的权限。

# 4 Key Considerations 四个关键注意事项

The role of a project manager is to successfully balance the four key considerations; Time, Cost, Quality and Scope.
项目经理的作用是成功平衡四个关键因素:时间,成本,质量和范围。

A successful project will:
一个成功的项目将:

  • Be within an acceptable level of adherence to each of these 4 considerations (Time, Cost, Quality and Scope), as based on the stated needs of stakeholders who have the power to determine success.
    根据有能力确定成功的利益相关者所陈述的需求,在对这四个考虑因素(时间,成本,质量和范围)中的每一个方面都处于可接受的可接受水平内。
  • The consumers of the project’s deliverables are satisfied.
    消费者对项目交付成果感到满意。
  • The necessary resources for the project (technology, specific professional skills, unique materials, etc.) are available to the project team when they are needed.
    必要时,项目团队可以使用项目的必要资源(技术,特定的专业技能,独特的材料等)。
    Though not a part of the Iron Triangle, this was added because in the PMBOK 6th ed., on p.10, “resources” are specifically mentioned along side of Time, Cost, Quality and Scope.
    尽管不是铁三角的一部分,但由于在 PMBOK 的第 6 版中,第 111 页而添加了它。在图 10 中,在时间,成本,质量和范围旁边特别提到了 “资源”。

PMI’s Definitions as found in the PMBOK 6th Ed.:

Cost 成本
Project Cost Management should consider the effect of project decisions on the subsequent recurring cost of using, maintain, and supporting the product, service or result of the project (p. 233)
项目成本管理应考虑,项目决策对随后使用、维护和支持产品、服务或项目结果的经常性成本的影响
Quality 质量
The degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfills requirements. (p. 718)
一组固有特性满足要求的程度。
To PMI, just meeting requirements as a core success criteria. Modern quality experts establish the expectation customer satisfaction. For example, and according to Juran, meeting expectations regarding fitness of use is the definition of quality.
对于 PMI,仅将满足要求作为核心成功标准即可。现代质量专家建立了对客户满意的期望。例如,据 Juran 所说,满足有关使用适用性的期望,是质量的定义。
Scope 范围
The sum of the products, services, and results to be provided as a project. (p. 722)
作为项目提供的产品,服务和结果的总和。
Time 时间
A limited period or interval, as between two successive events. Dictionary.com – 4th definition
如两个连续事件之间的,有限的时间段或间隔。

# What project managers do

# Specifically on the Project Manager’s Role

(PMBOK 6th ed p.52)

  • Possess understanding, knowledge and experience
    具有理解力,知识 和经验
  • “Provides leadership
    提供领导能力
  • Coordination through communication
    通过沟通进行协调
  • Existence of requirements
    需求存在
  • Planning, including project schedules (Gantt charts/ MS Project)
    规划,包括项目进度表(甘特图 / MS Project)
  • Monitor/control
    监控 / 控制
  • SMART Goals/Metrics/KPIs Project execution
    SMART 目标 / 指标 / KPI 项目执行
  • Project’s outcome
    项目成果
  • The PM does not need to be an expert!
    PM 不必是专家!

# Knowledge

  • Technical 技术
  • Project management 项目管理
  • Understanding 理解
  • Experience 经验

# Leadership

For a team:
对于团队

  • Guide 指南
  • Motivate 激励
  • Direct 直接

PM’s Leadership Abilities (in no order):
PM 的领导能力(无顺序)

  • Negotiation 谈判
  • Communication 沟通
  • Problem solving 解决问题
  • Critical thinking 批判性思维
  • Interpersonal skills 人际交往技巧

# Process Groups

The Five Traditional Process Groups Explained

# Project Manager Responsibilities

Defined 定义:
(PMBOK 6th ed., p.52 & p.716)

“The project manager is the person assigned by the performing organization to lead the team that is responsible for achieving the project objectives.”
项目经理是绩效组织指派的人员,负责领导负责实现项目目标的团队

This definition assumes the entire company is the “performing organization.”
此定义假设整个公司都是 “绩效组织”。

# SMART Goal

Get Real SMART: Setting Goals — Well.

When you ask a typical person about their goals, often they will respond by detailing their dreams – their dream job, their dream house, their dream business.
当您问一个人目标是什么时,他们通常会详细说明他们的梦想来进行回答 - 他们的梦想工作,他们的梦想家园,他们的梦想生意。

Dreams are important; they give us a direction to move towards, but I think it’s important to note that they are not the same as goals.
梦想很重要。它们为我们提供了前进的方向,但是我认为必须注意它们与目标不同。

Goals (when written well), like dreams, are aspirational — but they are also more specific. While a dream may be the roof of the building, goals are the steps and landings of the stairwell. For example, if your dream is to run a world-renowned restaurant, your goal-trajectory might be: get accepted into, and graduate from culinary school; land a job as a cook at a notable restaurant; move through the ranks in notable restaurants until you reach chef status; find a financial backer and open the restaurant; gain exposure and win accolades; etc.
目标(如写得好),就像梦想一样,是有抱负的,但目标也更具体。梦想可能是建筑物的屋顶,而目标是楼梯间的台阶和平台。例如,如果您的梦想是经营一家举世闻名的餐厅,那么您的目标轨迹可能是:被烹饪学校录取并毕业;在著名的餐厅找到厨师的工作;在知名餐厅中晋升,直至获得厨师身份;寻找资金支持者并开设餐厅;获得曝光并赢得赞誉;等等

The thing is, most people aren’t very good at setting goals either. While the goals laid out above are better at giving direction to someone’s career, they could be stronger. How? By making them SMART.
问题是,大多数人也不太擅长设定目标。尽管以上列出的目标,可以更好地指导某人的职业发展,但目标还可以变得更强。该怎么做?通过使它们更 SMART。

# SMART + Lexicon Use Example

SMART 词典使用示例

Related Lexicon (new words)
相关词汇新词

  • Program 程序
  • SMART
    • Specific 特定的
    • Measurable 可衡量的
    • Achievable 可达到的
    • Realistic / Relevant 现实 / 相关的
    • Time bound 有时限的

# Specific 特定的

A specific goal is a goal that has a bit of depth to it. It isn’t saying “I want to go to culinary school”, it’s saying “I want to graduate from The Culinary Institute of America in their baking program”. Specificity is important so that you know exactly what needs to be done in order for the goal to be deemed a success.
一个特定的目标是有一定深度的目标。这并不是说 “我想去烹饪学校”,而是 “我想从美国烹饪学院的烘烤计划中毕业”。特异性很重要,因为这样您可以确切地知道需要做什么才能使目标成功。

# Measurable 可衡量的

A measurable goal is one that is based on some sort of metric. Instead of saying “I want to have good knife skills”, a measurable goal would be: “I want to be able to finely and evenly dice 5 onions per minute.”
可衡量的目标是基于某种度量标准的目标。一个可衡量的目标不是说 “我想拥有良好的刀技能”,而是:“我希望能够每分钟细细均匀地切成 5 个洋葱。”

# Attainable 可达到的

A goal that is attainable is a goal that you can accomplish. People have a tendency to get over-zealous with their goals when they are excited and passionate. However, setting goals that you will not be able to accomplish doesn’t make sense for anyone. It’s more important to be realistic than too aspirational here. Break down larger goals into pieces if you need to, in order to accomplish them. For example: if your big goal is to open a restaurant, but you aren’t very good at cooking yet, a smaller and more attainable goal would be to learn to cook well, or even learn to cook a few things well. As you attain certain goals and get better at something, new goals may become attainable.

可达到的目标就是你可以实现的目标。当人们充满激情和激情时,他们倾向于对目标过度热情。但是,设定一个任何人都无法实现的目标是没有意义的。在这里,现实主义比追求梦想更重要。如果需要,可以将较大的目标分解为多个部分,以实现它们。例如:如果您的主要目标是开一家餐厅,但您还不是很擅长做饭,那么一个较小且可以实现的目标将是学习烹饪,甚至学会烹饪一些东西。当您达到某些目标并在某些方面变得更好时,新的目标可能会实现。

# Relevant 相关的

Relevant goals are goals that help you progress to your dream. If you are trying to reach culinary stardom at any cost, it doesn’t make sense to waste your precious time learning to be an awesome mechanic. Sure, it might be super useful to you personally, but in this case, it doesn’t help you reach your dream or goals.

相关的目标是可以帮助您实现梦想的目标。如果您想不惜一切代价想争取美食家的认可,却浪费您宝贵的时间来学习成为一名出色的机械师。当然,这对您个人可能很有用,但在这种情况下,它并不能帮助您实现梦想或目标。

# Time-bound 有时限的

The best goals are also time bound. Adding this constraint is important so that you are able to keep yourself accountable. Setting goals is sort of like creating a to-do list. You have on your list what you want to do today, what you want to do tomorrow, etc. With goals you may have daily goals, monthly goals, yearly goals, etc. Be very specific with the dates you choose, and make sure that you would also be able to complete the goal without unreasonable stress.

最好的目标也是有时间限制的。添加此约束很重要,这样您就可以对自己负责。设定目标有点像创建待办事项列表。您的清单上有今天要做什么,明天要做什么等等。有了目标,您可能会有每日目标,每月目标,年度目标等。请对选择的日期非常明确,并确保您也可以在没有不合理压力的情况下完成目标。

# Goals 关于目标

  • Metrics are just a way to measure
    指标只是一种衡量方法
  • Goals need to be flexible to allow for unique situations
    目标必须灵活,以适应特殊情况
  • SMART goals are needed to make metrics meaningful
    需要 SMART 目标,以使指标有意义
  • Goals provide context for metrics
    目标为指标提供了背景

# Example

Together, SMART goals help shape a roadmap for reaching your dreams. One SMART goal for an aspiring restaurant owner who has spent years perfecting their trade, and is now ready to venture off on their own may look like this:
SMART 目标有助于制定实现梦想的路线图。对于一个有抱负的餐馆老板,他们花了多年的时间完善自己的贸易,现在准备自己冒险,这是一个 SMART 目标,看起来可能是这样的:

By January 15, 2018, I want to have developed, and tested (have friends and family sample, and give rating on a 1-10 scale) five sample items for the menu.
到 2018 年 1 月 15 日,我希望开发和测试菜单上的五个示例项目(具有朋友和家人的示例,并以 1-10 的等级进行评级)。

  • Was This Specific? – They didn’t say: “I want to have a menu written” They said: “developed, and tested (have friends and family sample, and give rating on a 1-10 scale) five sample items”
    这可测量吗? –可以测量五个项目。 1-10 的评分等级是一个指标。是否已开发 / 测试过某些产品–是或否?
  • Was This Measurable? – Five items can be measured. A rating scale of 1-10 is a metric. Is something developed/tested – yes or no?
    这是可以实现的吗? –该博客文章撰写于 2017 年 8 月,因此可能取决于厨师的奉献精神和能力。为了我们的目的,我们将假设五个项目是一个合理的数字。
  • Was This Attainable? – This blog piece was written in August 2017, so depending on the dedication and ability of the chef, this may or may not be attainable. We are going to assume that five items is, for our purposes, a reasonable number.
    这是可以实现的吗? –该博客文章撰写于 2017 年 8 月,因此可能取决于厨师的奉献精神和能力。为了我们的目的,我们将假设五个项目是一个合理的数字。
  • Was This Relevant? – Having a menu is the corner stone of a restaurant, so this is relevant.
    这相关吗? –拥有菜单是餐厅的基石,所以这很重要。
  • Was This Time-bound? – Yes, by saying “by January, 15, 2018” the goal is explicitly time-bound.
    这有时间限制吗? –是的,通过说 “到 2018 年 1 月 15 日”,目标显然是有时间限制的。

There are many ways to set goals, and reach them. Making goals SMART has worked wonders for me and many others in the past. If you have trouble following through with actions, feel like you could be more organized, or are just looking for ways to be more efficient, I would highly recommend setting and following the SMART Goal framing.
有很多方法可以设定目标并达到目标。制定目标 SMART 过去为我和其他许多人创造了奇迹。如果您在执行操作时遇到困难,觉得自己可能更有条理,或者只是在寻找提高效率的方法,我强烈建议您设置并遵循 SMART 目标框架。

# Stakeholder 利益相关者

Defined 定义:
(PMBOK 6th ed., p. 723)

“…an individual, or group, or organization that may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project…”
“…… 可能会受项目的决定、活动或结果,影响、被影响或认为自己受其影响的,个人、团体或组织……”

# The Project Plan Ties it all Together

项目计划将以下全部紧密关联在一起
(PMBOK 6th ed., p. 8)

  • Scope management plan 范围管理计划
  • Requirements management plan 需求管理计划
  • Schedule management plan 进度管理计划
  • Cost management plan 成本管理计划
  • Quality management plan 质量管理计划
  • Resource management plan 资源管理计划
  • Communications management plan 通讯管理计划
  • Risk management plan 风险管理计划
  • Procurement management plan (procurement = buying good or services) 采购管理计划(采购 = 购买商品或服务)
  • Stakeholder engagement plan 利益相关者参与计划

# Summary

You Don’t Need Formal Management to Get Results, but…
您不需要正式的管理即可获得结果,但是……

Using generally accepted project management techniques will increase the chances of a success.
使用公认的项目管理技术将增加成功的机会。

If a project fails, a project manager who follows generally accepted project management principles, will be more likely to keep their job.
如果项目失败,那么一个遵循公认的项目管理原则的项目经理,将更有可能继续工作。

# Questions

# How Great Leaders Inspire Action

LEADERSHIP How Great Leaders Inspire Action – Simon Sinek

  1. What does “thinking from the inside out” mean?
    "从内到外思考" 是什么意思?

    reversed the order of the information.

    None of what I'm telling you is my opinion. It's all grounded in the tenets of biology. Not psychology, biology. If you look at a cross-section of the human brain, from the top down, the human brain is actually broken into three major components that correlate perfectly with the golden circle. Our newest brain, our Homo sapien brain, our neocortex, corresponds with the "what" level. The neocortex is responsible for all of our rational and analytical thought and language. The middle two sections make up our limbic brains, and our limbic brains are responsible for all of our feelings, like trust and loyalty. It's also responsible for all human behavior, all decision-making, and it has no capacity for language.
    我要告诉你的只是我的意见。 这一切都基于生物学的宗旨。 不是心理学,生物学。 如果 从上到下 查看人脑的横截面,则人脑实际上分为 与黄金圈完美相关的 三个主要组成部分。我们最新的大脑,智人大脑, 新皮层, 与 “什么” 水平相对应。 新大脑皮层负责 我们所有的理性和分析性思想和语言。 中间的两个部分组成了我们的边缘大脑, 而边缘大脑负责我们所有的感觉, 例如信任和忠诚。 它还负责所有人类行为, 所有决策, 并且没有语言能力。
    In other words, when we communicate from the outside in, yes, people can understand vast amounts of complicated information like features and benefits and facts and figures. It just doesn't drive behavior. When we can communicate from the inside out, we're talking directly to the part of the brain that controls behavior, and then we allow people to rationalize it with the tangible things we say and do. This is where gut decisions come from.
    换句话说,当我们从外部进行沟通时, 是的,人们可以理解大量复杂的信息, 例如功能,优势,事实和数据。 它只是不会驱动行为。 当我们能够从内而外进行交流时, 我们就是在与 控制行为 的大脑部分直接交谈,然后我们允许人们使用我们说和做的切实的事情使之合理化。 这就是直截了当的决定。

  2. How do great leaders act to inspire others?
    伟大的领导者如何激励他人?

    People don't buy what you do; they buy why you do it. If you talk about what you believe, you will attract those who believe what you believe.
    人们不买你做的事。他们买你为什么这么做。 如果您谈论自己的信仰, 就会吸引那些相信自己的信仰的人。
    靠说出自己的信仰、梦想,为什么要做这件事

  3. Why is “why” so important?
    为什么 "为什么" 如此重要?

    Leaders hold a position of power or authority, but those who lead inspire us. Whether they're individuals or organizations, we follow those who lead, not because we have to, but because we want to. We follow those who lead, not for them, but for ourselves.
    领导者拥有权力或权威,但领导者启发着我们。无论是个人还是组织,我们都跟随领导者,这不是因为我们必须这样做,而是因为我们想要。我们跟随领导者,不是为他们而是为自己。
    Listen to politicians now, with their comprehensive 12-point plans. They're not inspiring anybody.
    立即聆听政客的全面 12 点计划。他们没有激励任何人。
    it's those who start with "why" that have the ability to inspire those around them or find others who inspire them.
    那些以 “为什么” 开始的人有能力激发周围的人或找到其他激发他们的人。

  4. What do you want to hire for; people who work for money, or people that work for passion?
    您想雇佣什么;为钱而工作的人,还是为激情而工作的人?

    work for passion

  5. Samuel Pierpont Langley was inspired by what? How did his “inspiration” affect his success?
    Samuel Pierpont Langley 受到什么的启发?他的 "灵感" 如何影响他的成功?

    He wanted to be rich, and he wanted to be famous. He was in pursuit of the result. He was in pursuit of the riches.
    他想致富,他想出名。 他在追求结果。 他追求财富。
    And further proof that Langley was motivated by the wrong thing: the day the Wright brothers took flight, he quit. He could have said, "That's an amazing discovery, guys, and I will improve upon your technology," but he didn't.
    他在即将成功之前选择了退出、离开

  6. How can you use the “why” as a Scrum Master or Project Manager.
    作为项目管理员或项目经理,如何使用 "为什么"

    the law of diffusion of innovation,
    People don't buy what you do; they buy why you do it, and what you do simply serves as the proof of what you believe.
    人们不买你做的事。他们购买您为什么这么做, 而您所做的只是证明您相信自己的事。

# What is a Project, and What is a SMART Goal?

Case 1:
The Chicago Police Department has found a vendor that can install a new technology across the city that can give the GPS coordinates of people who yell “help” when outside of a building, car, or similar. The idea is that this will reduce the time it takes to get first responders (police, paramedics, firemen, etc.) to places they are urgently needed.
芝加哥警察局找到了一家供应商,该供应商可以在整个城市中安装一项新技术,该技术可以为在建筑物、汽车或类似场所外大喊大叫求助的人提供 GPS 坐标。这样做的目的是减少急救人员(警察,医护人员,消防员等)到达急需地点的时间。
Case 2:
You are the new principal of an inner-city grammar school in Los Angeles. While observing the classroom situation, the first thing you notice is that the same parents, over and over again, arrive late with their children to start the school day and some students are very disruptive. You get a grant (a grant is a gift from an individual or organization to achieve something good) to implement a trial of a virtual reality experience in the classroom so students are less distracted by the un-avoidable, distracting, surroundings.
您是洛杉矶市内一所语法学校的新任校长。在观察教室情况时,您注意到的第一件事是,相同的父母带着孩子一次又一次地上学迟到,有些学生的生活非常混乱。您获得了一笔赠款(赠款是个人或组织为取得良好成就而提供的礼物),可以在教室中试用虚拟现实技术,可以减少学生被不可避免的混乱环境分散注意力。
Case 3:
You are the CEO for XYZ defense contractor. Your large and well-known firm’s PCs still run on Windows 7. You ask Aron, a highly respected Project Manager at your firm to oversee an upgrade all the PCs in your firm to Windows 8. (Please respond to the questions below from Aron’s perspective.)
您是 XYZ 国防承包商的 CEO。您的大型知名公司的 PC 仍在用 Windows 7。您请贵公司备受尊敬的项目经理 Aron 监督公司中所有 PC 升级到 Windows 8 的升级。(请从 Aron 的角度回答以下问题。)
You asked for an upgrade to Windows 8 instead of Windows 10 (the most current PC/Windows operating system) because your technical experts have always advised you to intentionally be behind in operating system upgrades by 5 years in order to avoid the bugs that typically accompany new operating system roll outs.
您要求升级到 Windows 8 而不是最新的 Windows 10,是因为您的技术专家一直建议您故意将操作系统升级落后 5 年,以免出现伴随新操作系统推出时常出现的错误。

Questions to apply to each case above:
适用于上述每种情况的问题:

  1. What is the project?
  2. What is one example SMART goal for the project?
    该项目的 SMART 目标示例是什么?
    Comment: SMART stands for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Timely. Please see this post for a further explanation of SMART goals.
    注:SMART 代表特定,可衡量,可实现,相关性和及时性。
  3. Who are the stakeholders for the project?
    谁是项目的利益相关者?

# Quiz Understanding PM

  1. What is this the PMI definition of “A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.”?

    a Project

  2. Concisely Stated The Vision = ?

    • the Why
    • the What
    • the How
    • The Who
  3. What are the Stages of the Product Life Cycle?

    • Introduction
    • Growth
    • Maturity
    • Decline
  4. What is this the definition of?: “A documented economic feasibility study used to establish the validity of the benefits of a” specific effort “that is used as a basis for authorization of further project management activities.”

    a Business Case

  5. This is the definition of a statement of work: A narrative description of products, services, or results to be delivered by the project.

  6. This the definition of a Project Charter? :A document issued by the project initiator or sponsor that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities.

  7. What is this the term related to this definition? “The sum of the products, services, and results to be provided as a project”.

    • Time
    • Cost
    • Quality
    • Scope
  8. This is the definition of a project manager’s responsibilities: “The project manager is the person assigned by the performing organization to lead the team that is responsible for achieving the project objectives.”