# # 重要的定义及知识点

## # 敏捷宣言，Agile manifesto；

Lecture 6. Agile & Scrum

The AgileManifesto.org 敏捷软件开发宣言

## # PMI Code of Ethics; PMI 道德规范

Code of Ethics & Professional Conduct

## # PV 和 NPV 计算方法，包括公式中每个字母的含义；

$PV=FV/(1+i)^n$

# # Quiz

1. In the agile manifesto, Individuals and interactions are favored over:

• comprehensive documentation
• contract negotiation
• following a plan
• processes and tools
2. One driving force to the popularity of Agile/Scrum is that change is welcome.

3. In the principles of the Agile Manifesto it states that our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.

4. One principle of the Agile Manifesto states that simplicity--the art of maximizing the amount of work not done--is essential.

5. Scrum is based on empirical process control. Which of the choices represent the key aspects of empirical process control?

• Transparency, certainty and inspection
• Attention, inspection and transparency
6. In Agile/Scrum, the Product Owner places new customer needs and business needs on the before being committed to by the Agile/scrum team
(hint afterwards, the team "pops" user stories off this prioritized queue and puts them on the "Iteration Backlog "so they get worked in the current iteration):

• Product Backlog
• Iteration backlog
• Sprint backlog
• Daily Stand up agenda
7. In Agile/Scrum, a User Story's requirement portion has the format: As a , I want , so that .

8. In Agile/Scrum, what is a retrospective?

• A time for the development team to show off its work product to the product owner and clients.
• A time for team members to identify what went right and what could be improved based on the last iteration.
• Cleaning up the product backlog
• This is when the team commits to doing specific user stories and moves them to the iteration backlog.
9. In the Agile Manifesto it states that Customer Collaboration is valued over:

• process and tools
• contract negotiation
• comprehensive documentation
• following a plan
10. is an uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative effect on one or more project objectives.

• Risk
• hazard
• chance
• Impact/Probability
11. This question is in respect to managing risk. Your best friend is getting married in St. Louis this weekend! But, you fear the risk of having a flat tire on the way to the ceremony; so you don't go to the wedding. This is an example of:

• Acceptance
• Mitigation
• Transference
• Avoidance
12. Pure risk refers to negative risks, not positive risks.

13. A risk register contains at least a list of identified risks.

14. This question is addressing the Risk Knowledge area.Your company has accepted a contract to create the operating system for the world's smallest computer. The hardware is being built by University of Michigan, and its function is to collect temperature readings from individual human cells. The idea is that cancer cells are likely at a different temperature than normal human cells, and having this computer take temperature readings on specific cells should help with cutting edge research in the cancer field. Shortly after your best scrum team starts working on the operating system for this very small computer, your waterfall team comes up with an idea for different kind of operating system, for the same purpose. Instead of shutting down the Scrum Team's efforts, you let them continue, and you plan to use the waterfall team's operating system as a backup plan in case the scrum team fails. By having a solid backup plan ready to go, which kind of method are you using to address risk?

• Mitigation
• Acceptance
• Avoidance
• Transference
15. An activity is a distinct, scheduled portion of work performed during the course of a project.

16. Having milestones on your project schedule (time-line) is a great way to let people know whether or not a group of related activities has completed (or started).

17. There is only 1 predecessor activity(called "Activity A") to one successor activity (called "Activity "B"). Pictorially; it looks like this: (Activity A) => (Activity B) The successor activity ("Activity B") cannot start until its predecessor activity ("Activity A") has finished. Eg. An awards ceremony can’t start until after the contest has finished. This relationship is best described as:

• Start to start
• End to End
• start to finish
• Finish to start
18. A successor activity cannot start until a predecessor activity has finished." E.G. you need to finish activity A before you can start activity B.

• Finish to start
• Finish to finish
• End to End
• start to finish
19. According to PMI's code of Ethics: We make decisions and take actions based on the best interests of society, public safety, and the environment.

20. Tom earned his PMP in 2011, and still holds this credential. He was at a meeting where his project was to be discussed with the executives of his company, along with four other projects that he had no involvement in. While listening to another team present information on their project, called "Project A," he became aware the people working in the financial area of Project A were intentionally making significant ethical violations.Since Tom is not involved with "Project A," based on PMI's code of ethics, he has no responsibility to report these ethics violations to anyone.

21. Please fill in the blank: , do, check, act

• Plan
• Investigate
• prodigitate
• elicit
22. This question is based on the present value video. In the formula $$PV=fv/((1+i)^n$$, what does "n" represent?

• transitory investment period.
• Topical investment amount
• Temporary risk event count.
• time, typically in years.
23. This is from the NPV video. Given the numbers -100,000 + 18181.81 + 24,793.39 + 45,078.89 = -11,946; what is the initial investment?

• 100,000
• 18,181
• 0
• -11,946
24. This is an NPV related question. Given the numbers -100,000 + 18181.81 + 24,793.39 + 45,078.89 = -11,946; we should do the project.

25. This is an NPV related question: A dollar today is worth the same amount as a dollar given to you 5 years from now.

26. This question is related to risk. “Transferred” means to buy insurance or write contracts that get someone else to absorb the negative impacts of a risk should it manifest itself.

27. The PMI definition of “quality” in the glossary of the 6th ed PMBOK is; “The degree to which a set of inherent characteristics fulfills requirements.” The PMI definition clearly calls out the need for customer engagement and customer satisfaction.

28. What kind of contract is being referred to here?:A type of fixed price contract where the buyer pays the seller a set amount (as defined in the contract), regardless of the seller’s costs.

• Firm Fixed Price
• Variable price contract
• Fixed-Price Incentive Fee Contracts